Taftan volcano a heaven for scientists, geologists
The active stratovolcano of Taftan in Sistan and Baluchestan Province, Iran, is a secret heaven not just for tourists, but for all those interested in geology.
With a height of 3,941 meters above the sea level, Taftan is the highest summit in southeast Iran and attracts thousands of tourists each year, IRNA reported.
The spring season is the perfect time of the year to visit the area as the lovely weather and the delicate scent of fresh pennyroyal and other species of wild plants will make for a memorable experience for the visitors.
Taftan Mountain enjoys a rich and diverse plant cover which includes pistacia atlantica, almond, mountain fig, barberry, thyme, mugwort, licorice, chicory, pennyroyal, and etc.
Taftan is also surrounded by breathtaking landscapes as well as springs, such as the Jam-Chin Fountain in the northwest of the mountain.
Together with Damavand, Bazman, Sahand, and Sabalan, Taftan is one of the five major volcanos in Iran.
Geologists believe that the constant emission of steam and gasses and surrounding hot springs suggest that there is a high probability of volcanic eruptions in the future for four of the five, except for Sahand.
Abdolreza Partabian, a professor at the geology department of the Sistan and Baluchestan University, says the geomorphologic shapes of the mud volcano in Taftan have turned the place into an appealing site for geotourists.
Partabian also says various types of minerals and precious metals, such as chromite, copper, manganese, lead, zinc, gold, tin, as well as feldspar, silica, magnesite, and talc are found on a large scale on the foothills of Taftan.
Archeological layers dating back to prehistoric time found in Qasr-e Shirin
Archeological excavations conducted in the historical area of the coastal street of Qasr-e Shirin, western Iranian province of Kermanshah, were completed, said the cultural heritage deputy of the province’s Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism Organization.
Kiomars Azami said that during digging for foundation of a residential building in the street in 2011, the remains of a historical monument and a number of cultural materials were discovered, ISNA reported.
“Studies which were conducted later revealed that the building was located in a vast historical site in which a large number of residential units were constructed over several decades,” he said.
The official added that the remaining parts of the ancient monument appeared after the big earthquake which hit the province in 2017.
He said: “Regarding the importance of the historical site, necessary steps have been taken during the past years to determine its age and boundaries
Azami said that finally the funds needed to carry out the first phase of the excavation project were procured and its executive operations were launched in February, 2021,” he said.
The official said layers dating back from prehistoric times to the Islamic era were discovered in the region.
“A number of cultural materials, paving bricks and stone walls were also found in the ancient area.
“The results of the excavations and speculations in the historical area will be published soon,” he said.
The official concluded that regarding the climate of the region and the border river flowing in Qasr-e Shirin, the existence of such historical sites seems normal, because historically many human settlements have been located along rivers.
Iran’s stunning ‘Pink Mosque’ is illuminated with a kaleidoscope of colors
The stunning Nasir-ol-Molk Mosque hides a gorgeous secret between the walls of its fairly traditional exterior – stepping inside is like walking into a kaleidoscope of colors. Every day, the rays of the early morning sunshine through its colorful stained-glass windows, transforming the halls into a dazzling wonderland of rich hues, patterns, and light that play on the floor of the mosque, mymodernmet.com wrote.
The usage of beautiful rose-colored tiles in the interior design earned the mosque the nickname Pink Mosque in popular culture. Though it’s located close to other incredible mosques like Shah Cheragh, Nasir-ol-Molk Mosque stands apart due to its use of stained glass, which is not commonly part of mosque architecture.
Located in Shiraz, in the central Iranian province of Fars, this mosque was built from 1876 to 1888 by the order of one of the Qajar Dynasty lords. Construction began in 1876 by the order of the late Hassan Ali Nasir-ol-Molk, one of the lords and aristocrats of Shiraz, the son of Mirza Ali Akbar Qavam-ol-Molk, the ruler of Fars and was completed in 1888. The beautiful structure was designed by Mohammad Hasan-e Memar and Mohammad Reza Kashi Paz-e Shirazi.
It’s not just the interior that makes a lasting impression. In addition to the glorious display of light and color through the stained glass, the mosque features other striking elements of design and architecture, including intricate geometric tile designs, painted arches and niches, and spectacular domes. The exterior is equally impressive with an open courtyard that features a long, rectangular reflecting pool. The stunning tile work in pink, blue, and yellow hues helps create an uplifting and opulent atmosphere for worship.
Given all this, it’s no wonder that the majestic atmosphere makes the Pink Mosque one of the most visited sites in Iran. Those looking to take a peek themselves will want to visit in the morning, when the Sun’s rays are particularly impactful – just be aware of the large crowds you’ll face.
Isfahan’s Naghsh-e Jahan Square
Naqsh-e Jahan Square (Image of the world in Persian), also known as Imam Square (Meidan-e Emam in Persian), is the main tourist spot of the central city of Isfahan and one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites. This square is among the first places to see while visiting Isfahan and it is full of tourists all over the year, apochi.com wrote.
The square is surrounded by structures of different purposes and architecture, and together with the main bazaar of Isfahan they comprise the huge complex to explore. Four remarkable architectural monuments are located around the square. Imam Mosque in the south, Sheikh Lotfallah Mosque in the east, Ali Qapu Palace in the west and Qeysarie Gate in the north of the square are the architectural masterpieces which were built at the same time.
The square was built by Shah Abbas I, the fifth Safavid king of Iran at the beginning of the 17th century, and bordered on all sides by the four monumental buildings linked by a series of two-story arcades. They are an impressive testimony to the level of social and cultural life in Persia during the Safavid era, whc.unesco.org wrote.
In 1598, the king decided to move the capital of the Persian Empire from Qazvin to Isfahan as a more secure and convenient place. To commemorate the new role of Isfahan and also to create a place to hold national events, Naqsh-e Jahan Square was designed. Shaykh Bahai, the prominent scholar of Safavid era was the leading architect of the project. He was a philosopher, architect, mathematician, astronomer and poet.
With 560m length and 160m width, the square covers almost 89,600 square meters. All of the architectural elements that delineate the square, including its arcades of shops, are aesthetically remarkable, adorned with a profusion of enameled ceramic tiles and paintings.
A 50-year-old kilim (a kind of Iranian rug) was presented to the Anthropology Museum of Mirza Rasul Bath in Mahabad, in the northwestern province of West Azarbaijan, CHTN reported.