Fresh horizon for Tehran-Riyadh relations

Seyyed Reza Sadrolhosseini
Regional affairs expert
The recent developments in the international system have created an impetus to foster better relations between countries, especially those sharing similar threats and interests within the same region. And diplomatic ties are extended by nations to reap greater benefits.
The absence of diplomatic relations between Iran and Saudi Arabia, two dominant nations in the Muslim world, for almost seven years has had adverse effects on both parties. It has presented an opening for extra-regional powers, including Israel, to capitalize on “Iranophobia” and “Islamophobia” in the region.
Direct negotiations have been the best strategy for resolving differences between Tehran and Riyadh. To this end, Iranian and Saudi delegations have held talks, hosted by Iraq over the last two years, to reach an agreement and resume diplomatic ties.
During Iranian President Ebrahim Raeisi’s recent visit to Beijing, which has amicable relations with both Tehran and Riyadh, it was agreed to take practical steps to bring the two regional powers closer together. China has welcomed the initiative, and a trilateral statement was issued for the reopening of embassies.
The successful experience of resolving disputes through dialogue between Iran and Saudi Arabia over the past two years is crucial not only for the political, security, and economic spheres of both countries, but also for the entire Middle East. It will open up new horizons for Tehran, Riyadh, and the region as a whole.
The resumption of diplomatic relations between Iran and Saudi Arabia will undoubtedly have positive impacts on the economic, political, and security relations of the entire region. One of the most significant implications is that other extra-regional countries, especially Israel, can no longer exploit the differences between Tehran and Riyadh. At the same time, the region will be better equipped to address crises through internal cooperation.
Furthermore, some Persian Gulf states align their foreign policies with Saudi Arabia. With the normalization of relations between Iran and Saudi Arabia, it is expected that the relations of those countries with Tehran will also improve.
In conclusion, the reopening of embassies between Iran and Saudi Arabia marks the beginning of a new chapter in their relationship, with enormous potential for positive impacts throughout the region.


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