Iran provides free of charge education for all walks of life from the elementary level. But the content of text books has been a contentious issue because they have remained unchanged for many years. Experts believe that some materials of text books are not appropriate to the needs of students and they should be updated and overhauled to enhance efficiency.
Mehdi Fathi, a teacher and education expert, has touched upon the necessity to changing educational content.
“Updating educational content alone is not enough. Our educational system belongs to the last decades, and this system should undergo fundamental changes from basic levels,” he said.
Hojatollah Bonyadi, an education researcher, also weighed in on the issue.
“The main priority of developed industrial countries in education pertains to teaching life skills so that a person can participate in social activities by relying on his/her knowledge.”
Bonyadi noted that the educational system should distance itself from pushing students to memorize text book contents and instead focus on self-reliance, job generation and entrepreneurship.
He said schools focus on parrot fashion learning and neglect real needs and skills that students should develop.
“Educational content has failed to provide appropriate job skills. The high number of jobless people with higher education indicates that the educational planning does not match with the country’s real needs,” Bonyadi said.
Educational planning has been defined as the application of rational, systematic analysis to the process of educational development with the aim of making education more effective and efficient in responding to the needs and goals of students and society.
Educational planning also paves the way for identification of areas where improvements need to be made to provide students with the best possible education.
Besides, flexibility is another crucial aspect of educational planning. By creating a plan, educational planners improve flexibility in the classroom. This means that teachers can make changes to the way they teach based on the needs of their students.