National Museum of Iran covers country’s history from Old Stone Age to 20th century
National Museum of Iran, which is the main museum of Tehran, is the first choice of the travelers, who are interested in archeology and history.
In general, the museum covers the history of Iran from the Paleolithic (Old Stone Age) to the Qajar Period (1789-1925), apochi.com reported.
Due to its location in the center of the old part of Tehran, it is easy to include the museum to a daily Tehran tour.
National Museum of Iran consists of two buildings. The first one, known as the Museum of Ancient Iran, with the impressive arch-shaped entrance is a creation of French architects André Godard and Maxime Siroux. They drew inspiration from Sassanid (224-651 CE) architecture and used red bricks in the building. The project was launched in 1935, and the museum began operation in 1937.
The second building, the Museum of Islamic Era, on the other hand, has a modern design and the white travertine and dark colonnades were used to decorate its entrance. This museum started operation in 1996.
The Museum of Ancient Iran has a focus on archeological artifacts and displays a wide range of ancient relics. The artifacts, which are being showcased in the museum, have come from Susa in southwestern province of Khuzestan, Rey in central province of Tehran, Persepolis in southwestern province of Fars and other places, where pieces of evidence of ancient civilizations were found. The collection also includes stone tools, dating back to the Old Stone Age, which are more than 30,000 years old.
Visitors can also see a copy of the Babylonian Code of Hammurabi – one the most complete and perfect collection of Babylonian laws.
Probably the most shocking and exciting item of the museum is the salt man which is a salt mummy found in Chehrabad Mine of Zanjan Province in northwestern Iran. Moreover, a large number of statues, manuscripts, pottery, and other items are on the display in the museum.
Museum of the Islamic Era displays pottery, textile, artworks, texts, and calligraphy which date back to Islamic Era, beginning from 7th century CE.
At the heart of the collection are handwritten copies of the Holy Qur’an displayed in an atmosphere of quiet reverence and spirituality along with other complementary elements of a mosque, such as an altar prayer chamber.
Other handwritten books include the poetic works of Ferdowsi, Nezami Sadi and Hafez.
According to unesco.org, National Museum of Iran, is not only the largest museum of history and archaeology of the country, but ranks as one of the few most prestigious museums of the world with regard to diversity and quality of its artifacts.
National Museum of Iran is located between Imam Khomeini and Hassan Abad metro stations. It is the very center of Tehran, where you will find the most popular tourist attractions. In the walking distance from the museum there are the City Park, Tehran Peace Museum, Moqadam Museum, Sardar-e Bagh-e Melli (Gate of National Garden), National Jewelry Museum, and Golestan Palace. This neighborhood is very interesting in terms of architecture.
Due to its central location, the National Museum of Iran has many hotels around it.
After visiting the museum, you can have lunch in one of the cafes and restaurants, located not far from the museum. Also, you can find lots of cozy and modern coffee shops in the neighborhood.
When to visit
Those interested in the history of human civilization are recommended to visit National Museum of Iran.
The visit leaves a breathtaking feeling of being a part of a million years process of developing and improving. The opening hours of the museum are from 9 a.m. to 7 p.m.