Ernest Hemingway (American novelist)
There is no friend as loyal as a book.
Iran’s ‘White Winged Horse’ shines in Canada
Arts & Culture Desk
Iranian film ‘White Winged Horse,’ directed by Mahyar Mandegar, won the Most Innovative Short Film at the 23rd Reel to Real – Film Festival for Youth which was held in Canada.
Mandegar’s film is about a man who returns to his Iranian hometown, which was destroyed in the war 20 years ago. He is searching for his childhood sweetheart who had promised him, eternal love, ISNA wrote.
The film has been screened at a number of festivals including the Berlin International Film Festival, the Tirana International Film Festival, the Izmir International Short Film Festival and the Cameraimage International Film Festival.
It won a special mention in the Generation 14plus Section of the 70th Berlin International Film Festival.
It also received nominations in eight categories, including best film and best director, at the 11th edition of the Iranian Short Film Association (ISFA) Awards.
This year’s unique edition of the Canadian festival brought outstanding films to enthusiasts. It was held online due to the limitations imposed by
Historian fights to establish William Friese-Greene as true father of cinema
It’s a strange fact, but British inventor William Friese-Greene is as well-known among serious film buffs for not having invented cinema as he is for inventing it. Now, on the centenary of his sudden death at 65, mid-flow at a meeting of film distributors, admirers of this controversial pioneer from Bristol are at the center of a new drive to establish his international legacy once again.
Film director and historian Peter Domankiewicz believes Friese-Greene will soon be reinstated as one of the great figures in the development of the moving image: The one who got there before Thomas Edison, the Lumière brothers and George Méliès, the Frenchman whose story was told by Martin Scorsese in the hit 2011 film ‘Hugo’, theguardian.com reported.
“Friese-Greene patented a motion picture camera, and created several models which did most of what a movie camera would later do when the film industry truly kicked off in 1896,” said Domankiewicz, adding that well before the end of the 19th century Friese-Greene had also developed a second more advanced camera, and had quietly discovered a way to project images from a perforated roll of film.
So, at first sight, the job of rebuilding the reputation of this innovator should not be difficult. After all, he is already the subject of a moving 1951 biopic, ‘The Magic Box,’ starring matinee idol Robert Donat and based on a fulsome 1948 biography. What’s more, Friese-Greene’s impressive Lutyens-designed gravestone in Highgate cemetery in north London boldly memorializes him as “the inventor of kinematography”.
But mistakes made in a first, over-enthusiastic and patriotic attempt to celebrate Friese-Greene’s achievements have allowed subsequent historians to pick holes in the story. In fact, in 1955, on the centenary of his birth, an influential campaign actively opposed the celebration of his work by the industry.
Now the time is ripe, the film historian believes, to make it clear that Friese-Greene really did significantly speed up the possibility of cinema, and that without his experiments in a basement workshop while on the edge of destitution, the technical problems posed by getting a camera and a projector to create the impression of live action would not have been solved.
To coincide with the centenary of Friese-Greene’s death on May 5, the organization Bristol Ideas is publishing a book of essays as part of its 2021 program, with two key chapters on the rediscovery of Friese-Greene.
Born William Green in 1855, Friese-Greene went on to win a charitable place at Queen Elizabeth’s Hospital school in Bristol, where he did so well he earned himself a prestigious photographic apprenticeship in the city.
He later ran a hugely successful photography studio in nearby Bath during the 1880s. And it was here that a lucky meeting with John Rudge, a local magic lantern expert, set him off in the direction of building a camera. One could say they clicked.
Friese-Greene and Rudge both publicized their work, unlike the French inventor Louis Le Prince, a contemporary innovator who worked more privately.
It was not until Friese-Greene’s death in 1921 that the film industry began to raise him to heroic status.
“Accusations that came later that Friese-Greene used other people’s work just don’t hold water,” said Domankiewicz, who has recently received a Ph.D. grant to continue his research into the life of the inventor, including the recreation of his early film experiments.
“There is, however, some evidence of other people taking credit for his ideas.”
Oscar-winning actress Olympia Dukakis dies at 89
Olympia Dukakis, who won an Oscar for her performance as a middle-aged mother who advises her headstrong daughter in the 1987 film ‘Moonstruck,’ died at age 89.
Dukakis passed away at her New York City home after months of failing health, according to her agent, Allison Levy, Reuters reported.
Dukakis, the Massachusetts-born daughter of Greek immigrants, worked for decades as a stage, TV and film actor before rocketing to fame at age 56 playing the mother of Cher’s character in ‘Moonstruck.’
Dukakis starred in films including ‘Look Who’s Talking’ (1989) and sequels with John Travolta and Kirstie Alley, ‘Steel Magnolias’ (1989) with Shirley MacLaine, Sally Field and Julia Roberts, director Woody Allen’s ‘Mighty Aphrodite’ (1995) and ‘Mr. Holland’s Opus’ (1995) with Richard Dreyfuss.
Dukakis, a master of deadpan humor, also was nominated for Emmy awards for TV roles in 1991, 1998 and 1999.
Another Oscar winner, Viola Davis, called Dukakis “the consummate actress” on Twitter. “You made all around you step up their game. A joy to work with. Rest well.”
Other films included ‘The Event’ (2003), ‘Better Living’ (1998) with Roy Scheider, ‘Never Too Late’ (1996) with Cloris Leachman, and ‘Dad’ (1989) with Jack Lemmon and Ted Danson.
Dukakis in 1962 married Louis Zorich, with whom she had two sons and a daughter and who passed away in 2018. She also had four grandchildren.
Parviz Tanavoli prints on display at London’s Grosvenor Gallery
Arts & Culture Desk
A collection of prints by prominent Iranian artist Parviz Tanavoli is exhibited at Grosvenor Gallery in London until May 8.
The 84-year-old modern artist, acclaimed internationally for his sculptural work, created a series of screenprints in 1974, which were then used as carpet patterns through traditional methods, IRNA reported.
The exhibition consists a number of these original screenprints, as well as some of Tanavoli’s later works.
“Though Parviz Tanavoli is known as the father of modern Iranian sculpture, over the course of his seven decades as an artist he has created a diverse range of artworks from ceramics to rugs, from painting to prints. Through the years, Tanavoli’s art has been deeply influenced by his work as a teacher, a researcher, and a collector. And it is in his prints from the 1970s that one can clearly see the themes and motifs that would become central to his creative expression.
Recalling his early works, Tanavoli said Iranian themes had come to possess the very fiber of my being and haunted my thoughts,” Shiva Balaghi, a cultural historian of the Middle East, wrote on the gallery’s website.
The Iranian sculptor and painter is best known for his collection of ‘Heech’ (nothing) sculptures throughout the world.
Tanavoli, graduated from Brera Academy in Milan in 1959, was a cofounder of the Saqqakhaneh School in the 60’s – the first modern art movement in Iran which sought an Iranian identity for the contemporary artworks in the country.
His works, which are inspired by the traditional patterns of the Persian handicrafts and literature, have been exhibited in numerous high-profile galleries such as Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art, Tate Modern in London, New York City’s Metropolitan Museum of Art, as well as Minneapolis Institute of Art and Guggenheim Abu Dhabi.
Tanavoli taught sculpture for three years at the Minneapolis College of Art and Design in the US before returning to his homeland where he assumed the directorship of the sculpture department at the University of Tehran, a position he held for 18 years until 1979.
His sculpture ‘The Wall’ (Oh Persepolis) was sold for $2.5 million in 2008, which was an auction record for a Middle Eastern artist.
Last week, Tanavoli was among the winners at the Asia Arts Game Changer Awards for his influential role in the history of the
Iranian poet Ganjavi commemorated in Russia
The State Museum of Oriental Art in Moscow held an exhibition titled ‘Nizami’s Subjects & Visual Works’ to commemorate Iranian poet Nizami Ganjavi.
Organized by the Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation, the event was held in Moscow on the occasion of the 880th birth anniversary of the Iranian poet.
A total number of 57 artworks including manuscripts, miniature images from his books, and several large and small carpets also containing images of Nizami’s book subjects were on display in the event, Mehr News Agency reported.
The cultural exhibition also featured works from the State Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg, the Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts, the Radishchev Art Museum, the Arkhangelsk Regional Museum, the Mardjani Foundation and the Heydar Aliyev Foundation.
The purpose of the exhibition was to present some of Nizami’s works to the Russian people, Ilya Zaitsev, deputy general director of the State Museum of Oriental Art said.
It was organized in such a way that the visitors could read his poems and the showcased paintings, miniatures, and carpets help them understand the subjects of his poems better, she added.
Nizami, who was born in Ganja, Republic of Azerbaijan, made an invaluable contribution to the history of not only Persian poetry, but also world literature.
He is mostly known for ‘Khamseh,’ two copies of which are kept in Iran, and was inscribed on UNESCO’s Memory of the World Register list in 2011.
‘Khamseh’ is a pentalogy of poems written in masnavi verse form (a poem based on independent, internally rhyming lines) totaling 30,000 couplets.
It reflects not only the poet’s high skill, but also his ethical and philosophical views.
These five poems include the didactic work, ‘Makhzan ol-Asrar’ (The Treasury of Mysteries); the three traditional love stories of ‘Khosro and Shirin,’ ‘Leili and Majnun,’ and ‘Haft Paykar’; and the ‘Eskandar-nameh,’ which records the adventures of Alexander the Great.
There are various copies of ‘Khamseh’ in Iranian libraries, but the two versions maintained at the Central Library of Tehran University and the library of Shahid Motahhari School and Mosque in Tehran are registered by UNESCO.